What is public health?

Public health is the science of protecting the consumer health through the improved safety and sanitation. It is an act of upgrading the health within a communities or the public with education, research, policy making and suggestions to avoid health injury. Acheson, 1988; WHO defines public health as “the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts of society”. Therefore, public health is the provision of personal service to individual person for a better health condition and strong immunity system.

Public Health as a discipline

Public health is a discipline that is initiated with the overall benefit of human health or the health of public within a community. It includes the application of various other distinct disciplines which are enlisted below:

  • Biology
  • Anthropology
  • Public policy
  • Mathematics
  • Engineering
  • Education
  • Psychology
  • Computer science
  • Sociology
  • Medicine

Bachelors in Public Health

Bachelors in Public health is a course organized in order to make the students learn about the public health in depth as it is a matter of concern for well being. It is an undergraduate course. This course offers the students with the concept of  basic introduction to public health and practices being made by examining the philosophy, purpose, history, organization, functions, tools, activities, and the effectiveness of public health practices being made at the national, state, and local levels. Thus, it is a rising course in case of developing countries as it guides the overall people to act in a healthy manner as they are guided by public health specialist.

Objectives of the course

  • To overview of health education strategies for urban as well as rural community health settings
  • To make the students know about of human cultures and the physical and natural world as it relates to individual and population health through focused engagement on big questions, both contemporary and enduring.
  • In order to gain intellectual and practical skills extensively across the curriculum in the context of progressively more challenging problems, projects, and standard for performance.
  • To learn personal and social responsibility anchored through active involvement with diverse communities and real-world challenges.
  • Experience integrative and applied learning demonstrated through the application of knowledge, skills and responsibilities to new settings and complex problems.
  • aims to stimulate interactions among students around important problems and issues facing the health of the nation and the world.
  • Health behavior programs and interventions are explored
  • Examination of Awareness about impact of natural disasters on public health
  • To establish the health initiatives for identifying, managing, and eliminating environmental threats to health
  • To focus on instructional planning, behavior change interventions and methods, unit plan development, the use of technology and media, health disparities, special challenges and controversial topics

Importance of Public Health Specialist

Public health is not about treating a patient or solving the health issues but it’s about the prevention of disease and awareness not to fall sick. Public health is a knowledgeable sector that maintain good health within a periphery or targeted area. Here are few importance of public health:

  • Research on the status of health of a community to identify potential problems
  • investigate and  Diagnose health problems and hazards within the community
  • Apprise, educate, and certify people about health issues, particularly the underserved and those at risk
  • Organise community networking to identify and solve health problems
  • Develop  health policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts
  • Administer laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety
  • Connect people with the  needed personal health services and ensure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable
  • Safeguard a competent public health and personal health care workforce
  • Access the effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services
  • Find out the new insights and innovative solutions to health problem

Universities in Nepal

The course of BPH was initiated by various universities as they have a wider scope in developing countries like Nepal.

  1. Tribhuvan University

Eligibility

Any student who has secured At least ‘C’ grade separately in theory and practicals of all subjects of Class 11 and 12 (PCB & E) with an overall 2.4 GPA is eligible to appear in the entrance examination for admission conducted by Tribhuvan University.

Affiliated colleges

1.Institute of Medicine, IOM, Maharajgunj

.Website: http://www.iom.edu.np/

2.Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health sciences,Kathmandu

Website: http://www.mmihs.edu.np/

3.Chitwan School of Medical Sciences , Chitwan

Website: http://www.cmc.edu.np/

Pokhara University

Eligibility

Students who have secured minimum 50 % in aggregate or 2.4 CGPA and minimum C+ grade in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) and minimum C grade in other subjects are eligible to appear in the entrance test for BPH programs conducted by Pokhara University.

Affiliated Colleges

  1. Nobel College

Sinamangal, Kathmandu

Website: http://www.nobelcollege.edu.np/

2.National Open College

Sanepa, Lalitpur

Website: https://www.noc.edu.np/

3. CIST College

New Baneshwor, Kathmandu

Website: http://www.cist.edu.np/

4. La Grande International College Pokhara

Website: http://lagrandee.edu.np/

Purbanchal University.

Eligibility

Candidate must have secured minimum C+ grade in aggregate and minimum C grade in each subject in 10+2 or equivalent examinations can appear in the entrance examinations in order to get admissions in Bachelor of Public Health (BPH).

Affiliated Colleges

  1. Nepal Institute of Health Sciences (Stupa College)

Bouddha, Kathmandu

Website:https://edusanjal.com/college/nepal-institute-health-sciences/

2. Sanjeevani College of Medical Sciences

Butwal-12, Kalika Nagar

Website: http://sanjeevani.edu.np/

3. Yeti Health Science Academy

Maharajgunj

Website: http://www.yhsa.edu.np/

4. Om Health Campus

Saraswati Nagar Rd, Kathmandu

Website: http://www.omcampus.edu.np/

5. Birat Health College And Research Centre

Biratnagar

Website: http://birathealthcollege.edu.np/

Besides, there are various other colleges under the affiliation of Purbanchal University in various places out of the valley. Therefore, BPH is an emerging program with an ultimate intention of creating a better health state of people within in order to upgrade the overall  well being status.